Comparative study of Arthritis among Adults in Otukpo Metropolis of Benue State.

 

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to Examine the comparative study of arthritis among adults in otukpo metropolis of benue state. The objectives include; to examine the incidence of arthritis among adults in otukpo metropolis, to certain factors that predispose adults to arthritis in otukpo metropolis, to identify strategies for coping with the condition among adults in otukpo metropolis and to examine the comparative prevalence of arthritis among adults male and female in otukpo metropolis.  Literature of different opinion of authors about arthritis were reviewed. The study is based on the theory of the health believe model. This study used a descriptive or survey research design. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 100 subjects as sample population. 100 questionnaires were administered and retrieved for collection of data. Data collected were presented and analyzed using frequency distribution tables and percentage respectively. Highlight of findings as observed revealed that arthritis infection is a leading cause of disability and may account for more total disability among elderly patients. The factors predisposing adults to arthritis include poor alignment of the joint, injury to the knee or joint, age etc. The strategies for coping among adults with arthritis include informing one’s family members about how one feel so that they can give one support when the need arise, seeking medical care and minor exercise etc. The comparative prevalence among adults show that arthritis is more prevalent in men than women in Otukpo metropolis, though the margin is slim. The researcher therefore has made the following recommendations; that intensive health education campaign should be organized by governmental and non–governmental organizations to enlighten the community on the signs and symptoms as well as complications of arthritis.  Health officials should also counsel the community leaders and those affected with arthritis infection on how to cope with the condition. The community should also be enlightened on the factors that predispose people to arthritis so as to avoid the condition.

 

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